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Socio-Economic Infor 2011

Socio-economic situation in January 2011
19/07/2011 09:16:00


Agriculture, forestry and fishery

Agriculture

January’s agricultural production mainly centers on cultivation of winter-spring rice and other crops. As of 15/01/2011, the country had 1,947,600 ha of winter-spring rice cultivated, which was equal to 103.5% of the same period last year. The cultivation progress in the North was rather fast, achieved 86,600 ha of winter-spring rice, and equal to 117.2%. Provinces in the South cultivated 1,861,000 ha of winter-spring rice, equal to 103% of the same period in 2010.

Together with the winter-spring rice cultivation, provinces over the whole country cultivated 217,300 ha of maize, equal to 105.4%; 69,600 ha of sweet potato, equal to 100.3%; 95,700 ha of soybean, equal to 112.3%; and 253,600 ha of vegetables, equal to 111.9% of the same period last year.

Fishery

The number of dispersed planted trees in the month was 558,500, approximate to that in the same period in 2010. Wood production was estimated reaching 300,000 m3, up by7.1%. Firewood production was estimated reaching 2,380,000 m3, up by1.3%.

Fishery

January’s total estimated fishing production was estimated reaching 356,400 tons, up by 1.2% against the same period last year, of which fish gained 270,400 tons, up by1.1%; and shrimp was 30,900 tons, up by 4.7%. Raising production was estimated reaching 161,500 tons, up by 7.3% as against the same period in 2010, of which there were 121,000 tons of fish, up by 8% and 21,500 tons of shrimp, up by 7.5%.

Catching production was estimated reaching 194,900 tons, down by 3.4% against the same period last year, of which there were 149,400 tons of fish, down by 3.9% and 8,800 tons of shrimp, down by 1.1%.

Industry

The general industrial production value at 1994 constant prices in January was at an estimate of 73.7 trillion dongs, increased by16.1% as against the same period last year. Of which, the state sector was up by 6.7% (central management increased by 7.8%, local management by 1.9%); the non-state sector by 18.9%; and the FDI sector by 18.5% (petroleum and gas  increased by 3.7%, others by 20%). Some important products had higher growth than the general.

The consumed index for the manufacturing industry in 12/2010 increased by 12.3% against the same period last year, of which some products showed their high consumed indices.

According to the labor survey results for 4,218 industrial enterprises, the workers of those enterprises in January this year increased by 0.7% as against the previous month. Among the three level one industries, the labor of the manufacturing increased by 0.5%; the mining by 0.2%, and the power, gas and water by 4.3%.

Investment

The realized investment capital from the state budget in January 2011 was estimated reaching 12.9982 trillion dongs, equal to7.5% of the yearly estimate, of which, capital under central management was 3.183 trillion dongs, equal to 7.6%, and capital under local management was 9.8152 trillion dongs, equal to 7.5% of the yearly estimate.

The attracted FDI in 01/2011 was estimated reaching US$187.6 million, equal to15.7% of the same period in 2010. Of which, the registered capital of 40 newly licensed projects was USD 182.3 million (equal to 55.6% of projects and 15.6% of investment capital as against the same period last year); the additional registered capital of 5 projects licensed from previous years was  USD 5.3 million. The realised FDI in January 2011 was estimated reaching US$ 420 million, up by5% as against the same period in 2010.

In January, the registered capital of foreign investors in the field of manufacturing was US$ 70 million, including US$ 68.4 million of 15 newly licensed projects and1.6 million USD added capital. The field of construction had 9 newly licensed projects with 63.6 million USD registered capital.

Government revenues and expenditures

As estimated, total Government revenues in15 beginning days of January was equal to 4% of the yearly estimate, of which domestic revenues accounted for 4.4%; revenues from crude oil was 3.6%; and from import-export was 3%. Of the domestic revenues, receiving from the state-owned enterprises equaled 4.8%; from FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil): 4%; from non-state industrial, commercial and service taxes: 4.4%; taxes imposed on high-income persons: 3.1%; petroleum fees:  4.3%; and other fees: 3.7%.

As estimated, total Government expenditures 15 in15 beginning days of January was equal to 3.4% of the yearly estimate, of which spending for investment and development accounted for 2.6%; for economic and social development, national defense and security: 3.9%; for paying debts and aids: 3.7%.

Trade, prices & services

Total retailed sales of consumer goods and services

The total retailed sales of consumer goods and services in January were estimated reaching 149.8 trillion dongs, up by 22.1% as against the same period last year, the growth would be 8.9% if the factor of rising price were excluded. Of which, the trade business gained118.3 trillion dongs, up by 23.1%; the hotel and restaurant: 16.4 trillion dongs, up by 17.6%; the service 13.6 trillion dongs, up by 19.6%; and the tourist1.5 trillion dongs, up by 14.5% as against the same period last year.

Exports-Imports

January’s total export turnover was estimated reaching USD 6 billion, decreased by 20% as compared to the previous month. This resulted from a decrease in main exported items. January’s total import turnover was estimated reaching US$ 7 billion, decreased by20.4% as against the previous month, this was mainly due to a decrease in import turnover of almost imported items as compare to the previous month.

Trade deficit in January 2011 was estimated at US$ 1 billion, reduced by 22.7% as compared to the previous month and equal to 16.7% of the export turnover

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

January’s CPI was going up by 1.74% as against the previous month, this was a high rise but it decreased as compared to the two previous months (it increased by 1.86% in November and by 1.98% in December 2010). Among groups of goods and services, education had highest rise with 2.89%; followed by catering and related services with 2.47% (grain food by 2.28%, foodstuff by 2.74%); textile, hats and footwear by 1.81%; drinks and tobacco by1.67%; housing and construction material by 1.33%. Those groups of goods and services having lower rise in CPI, below 1% were: transport by 0.81%; family tools and appliances by 0.77%; culture, entertainment and tourist by 0.58%; medicines and health services by 0.36%. Only communication and postal services decreased by 0.06%. CPI in January 2011 increased by 12.17% as compared with that in the same period last year.

Carriage of passengers and cargos

Passenger carriage in January was estimated reaching 212.6 million participants, increased by 14.7% and 9.6 billion passengers-kilometers, up by 17.9% against the same period last year. The land transport gained 194.8 million participants, increased by 15.4% and 6.8 billion passengers-kilometers, up by 16.2%; the river 15.2 million participants, increased by 7.6% and 322 million passengers-kilometers, up by 13.8%; the rail 878,000 participants, equal to the same period last year and 301 million passengers-kilometers, decreased by 4.3%; the aviation 1.2 million participants, up by10.6% and 2.1 billion passengers-kilometers, up by 27.2% against the same period last year.

The volume of cargos carried in January was at an estimate of66 million tons, up by11.3% and 16.2 billion tons-kilometers, up by 10% against the same period last year. Of which, the domestic transport gained 62.2 million tons, up by 11.5% and 4.7 billion tons-kilometers, up by 8.3%; the overseas transport 3.9 million tons, up by 6% and 11.5 billion tons-kilometers, up by 10.5%. The land transport gained 50.7 million tons, up by 12.5% and 2.7 billion tons-kilometers, up by 7.7%; the river 10.1 million tons, up by 5.1% and 1.6 billion tons-kilometers, up by 1.9%; the sea 4.5 million tons, up by 14.2% and 11.5 billion tons-kilometers, up by 11.9%; the rail 636,000 tons, reduced by 7.3% and 374 million tons-kilometers, up by 2.3%.

Communication

The number of new telephone subscribers  in January was estimated reaching 3 million, decreased by 1.5% against the same period last year, including 10,700 desk telephone subscribers, equal to 3.5% those in January 2010and nearly 3 million mobile phone subscribers, up by 9.2% against those in the same period last year. The number of telephone subscribers over the country to end of January 2011 was estimated reaching 174.1 million, increased by 35.3% against that in the same period last year, including 16.5 million desk telephone subscribers, up by 3.1% and 157.6 million mobile phone subscribers, up by 39.9%.

The number of internet users as of end of 01/2011 was estimated reaching 3.8 million, increased by 24.5% against the same period last year. The total postal and communicational service net income in January 2011 was estimated reaching 11.9 trillion dongs, increased by 54.4% as compared to the same period last year.

International visitors to Viet Nam

International visitors to Viet Nam in January were estimated reaching 470,000 up by 8.9% against the same period last year.  Of which,visitors coming for tourist purposes were 270,000 up by 4.3%; for business purposes 90,000 up by13%; for visiting relatives 60,000 up by 13.4%; and for other purposes 50,000 up by 25.1%.

Social issues

Farmers’ food shortage

According to local preliminary reports, as of 19/01/2011, the country had 62,600 households with 250,750 members suffered from food shortage. As compared to the same period in 2010, the number of hunger households increased by 48.8%, and the number of hunger members by 41.2%.

To over come this problem, the Ministry of Finance provided free of charge 37,546 tons of rice from the national reserve source No. 14. Additionally, all  administrative levels and sectors, organisations and individuals over the country have supported hunger families over 1,000 tons of food.

Epidemic diseases and food poisoning

In January 2011, the country had 2,700 cases of hemorrhagic fever; over 200 cases of viral hepatitis; 21 cases of Neisseria meningitidis; 12 cases of virus encephalitis; 7 cases of typhoid and 3 cases of A (H1N1) flu.

Also in January 2011, there were 2,600 HIV infected cases found over the country, taking the total number of HIV infected persons as of 16/01/2011 to 233,700, of which 93,500 cases turned to AIDS and 49,500 persons died of AIDS.

Traffic accidents

According to preliminary report, in December 2010 there were 1,219 cases of traffic accident, killing 1,006 persons and injuring 831 others. As compared to the previous month, cases of traffic accident decreased by 3.9%, the death increased by 0.9% and the injured reduced by 3.9%. As compared to the same period in 2009, cases of traffic accident decreased by 12.3%, the death by 10.7% and the injured by 9.9%.

Generally in 2010, the country had 13,800 cases of traffic accident, killing 11,400 persons and injuring 10,100 others. As compared to 2009, cases of traffic accident increased by 13.2%, the death decreased by 0.1% and the injured increased by 32.2%. On average, each day in 2010, the country had 38 cases of traffic accident, killing 31 persons and injuring 28 others./.

General Statistics Office, Ministry of Planning and Investment

In bài
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