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Socio-Economic Infor 2011

Socio-economic information in nine months of 2011
27/07/2012 12:49:00


I. ECONOMIC GROWTH
1. Gross Domestic Products (GDP) Growth
Nine months’ GDP was estimated to grow at 5.76% against the same period last year. Of which, the agriculture, forestry and fisherysector rose by 2.39%, contributed 0.39 point percent to the GDP; the industry and constructionsector rose 6.62%, contributed 2.76 points percent and the service sector rose 6.24%, contributed 2.61 points percent.
2. Agriculture, forestry and fishery
The production value of this sector at 1994 constant prices in the 9 months was estimated to rise at 4.1% from the same period last year, of which agriculture sub-sector rose by 3.7%; forest 4% and fishery 5.2%.
a. Agriculture
As of mid-September, the country had 1,706,000 ha of winter rice cultivated, achievinga year-on-year rise of 3.8%, of which provinces in the North completed 1,192,000 ha, equaling 100.3%; provinces in the South 514,000 ha, equaling 113%. According to local reports, this year’s winter crop yield was estimated to reach 9.3 million tons, up 1.7% with productivity of 4,710 kg/ha, up 1.7% from the same crop last year.
As of 15/9/2011, provinces in the South harvested 1,670,000 ha of summer-autumn rice, equaling 95.1% from thesame period last year, of which the Mekong Delta region reaped 1,577,600 ha, equaling 106.8%. Due to increase in cultivated area (5.6%) and productivity (3.8%) summer rice yield this year was estimated to reach 12.8 million tons, up 9.7% from last year’s same crop.
Also as of mid-September, the country cultivated 990,300 ha of maize, up 3.8%, 133,100 ha of sweet potato, up 7.8%; 215,100 ha of peanut, down 0.4%; 176,600 ha of soybean, down 1.7% and 778,500 ha of vegetables, up 7.2% from the same period last year.
The yield was estimated to reach 805,300 tons, up 7.1% for rubber; 1,174,000 tons, up 5.6% for coffee; 873,500 tons, 4.7% for fresh bud tea; 322,300 tons, up 3.8% for cashew nut; and 108,800 tons, up 3.2% for pepper against the same period last year.
Nine months’ animal husbandry showed a relatively stable development. As of mid September, the country had 2.9 million buffalos, approximate equal to the same period last year; 5.9 million oxen, slightly up; 26.8 million pigs, down 2% due to consequence of blue ear disease; fowls were estimated to rise at 6-7%. Live-weight yield was estimated rising 4% for buffalo and ox; 1.9% for pig; and 10-11% for poultry.
b. Forestry
Total concentrated forestation area in 9 months was estimated to reach151,500 ha, or 92.4% of the same period last year; decentralized planted trees were 163.6 million, up 0.3%; regenerated natural forest area was 1,192,000 ha, up 1.2%; area under cultivation was 448,600 ha, up 1.6%; wood production was 3,066,000 m3, up 11.9%; fire wood production was 21.5 million m3, up 1.4%. Damaged area was 1,997 ha, of which burnt area was983 ha; destroyed area was 1,014 ha.
c. Fishery
Nine months’ fishing production was estimated to reach 4,082,000 tons, up 3.9% from the same period last year, of which there were 3,072,200 tons of fish, up 3.5%; 446,800 tons of shrimp, up 3.4%; and 563,000 tons of other seafood, up 6%.
Nine months’ farming production was estimated to reach 2,163,800 tons, up 5.7% from the same period last year, of which there were 1,661,000 tons of fish, up 5.8%; 338,200 tons of shrimp, up 4.6%.
Fish catch in 9 months was estimated to reach 1,918,200 tons, up 1.9% from the same period last year, of which sea exploitation reached 1,777,700 tons, up 2%. For tuna production only, it was estimated to reach nearly 10,000 tons, up 12.5% from the same period last year.
3. Industry
September’s industrial production index (IPI) rose by 2.1% from August and 12% from the same period in 2010. Nine months’ IPI rose by 7.8% against last year’s same period, of which mining and quarrying was up 0.8%; manufacturing up 10.7%; power, gas and water up 9.6%.
Industrial products with higher IPI from the same period last year were inflammable porcelains (excluding those used in construction) 71.8% up; sugar 43.2% up; motorbike 19.3% up; prefabricated metal products 17.9% up; fertilizer and nitric compound 15.8% up; beer 15.7% up; fiber and fabric 13.5% up; clothes (excluding leather clothes) 13.4% up; footgear 13.3%; butter and milk 13.1% up. Other products with rapid growths were wrinkling and wrapping paper 11.1% up; animal feeding 10.6% up; cement 10.6% up; electricity 9.8% up. Those products with low or reduced IPI were non-alcohol drinks 7.6% up; tobacco 7.5% up; water supply 6.3% up; motored vehicles 0.3% down; oil and natural gas 0.4% down; pharmaceutical products 1.4% down; insulated electrical wires and cables 23.1% down; Ship building and servicing 26.7% down.
Consumption indexes for processed and manufactured products in 8 months of this year rose by 12.9% from last year’s same period. Branches with high indexes were prefabricated metal 53.4% up; motored vehicles 48.8% up; inflammable porcelains (excluding those used in construction) 45.2% up; sugar 44.6% up; constructional inflammable bricks, tiles and porcelains 37.4% up. Branches with low or reduced consumption indexes were motorbike 16.1% up; fertilizer and nitric compound 15% up; wrinkling and wrapping paper 11.7% up; butter and milk 11.1% up; clothes (excluding leather clothes) 11% up; non-alcohol drinks 10.8% up; fiber and fabric 7.1% up; animal feed 6.9% up; footgear 6.3% up; cement 6.2% up; beer 5.9% up; steel 1% up; pulp, paper and board 0.6% up; insulated electrical wires and cables 14.3% down.
In-stock indexes of the processing and manufacturing sector as of 01/9/2011 reduced 5.5% from the same period last year. Of which, products with much reduced in-stock indexes were tobacco 17% down; butter and milk 18.2% down; pulp, paper and board 22% down; prefabricated metal products 26.6% down; motored vehicle 27.7% down; pharmaceutical products 30% down. Products with increased in-stock indexes were cement, lime 59.6% up; motorbike 50.4% up; beer and malt 43.7% up; animal feed 39.6% up; non-alcohol drinks 35.4% up;insulated electrical wires and cables 30.9% up.
4. Service
a. Total retailed sales of consumer goods and services
As estimated, total retailed sales of consumer goods and services in 9 months rose 22.8% from the same period last year, if the factor of high price was excluded the growth was 3.9%. Of the total, trade accounted for 79.1% and rose 23.1% from the same period in 2010; hotel and restaurant 10.9% and 21.9%; service 9.0% and 22.2%; tourism 1% and 16.6% respectively.
b. Carriage of passengers and cargos
Passenger carriage in 9 months was estimated to increase13.1% by volume carried and 11.7% by volume traffic carried against the same period last year, of which central transport rose 9.6% and 10.5%; local transport 13.6% and 12.3% respectively. Similarly, land transport was estimated to rise 13.4% and 12.3%; river 9.3% and 14.0%; aviation 14.0% and 11.2%; sea 2.9% and 4.1%; rail 2.1% and 2.4% from last year’s same period.
As estimated, cargo transport in 9 months rose 11.2% by tons and 2.0% by tons-kilometers against the same period last year, of which the domestic transport increased by 12.0% and 8.1%; oversea transport rose 5.0% by tons and reduced 1.2% by tons-kilometers. Land transport rose 12.1% by tons and 11.0% by tons-kilometers; river 10.2% and 12.4%; sea rose 6.0% by tons and reduced 0.9% by tons-kilometers; rail reduced 7.2% by tons and rose 2.4% by tons-kilometers.
c. Communication
The number of new telephone subscribers in 9 months reached 7.9 million, 16.8% lower than the same period in 2010, including 43,900 desk telephone subscribers, reduced 74.4% and 7.9 million mobile phone subscribers, reduced 15.8%. The number of telephone subscribers over the country as at the end of September 2011 was estimated to reach 129.7 million, rose 4.5% from the same period last year, including 15.5 million desk telephone subscribers, up 0.3% and 114.2 million mobile phone subscribers, up 5.1%. The number of internet subscribers over the country as at the end of September 2011 was estimated to reach 4.1 million, up 18% from last year’ same period. The total postal and communicational service net income in 9 months was estimated to gain 114.3 trillion dong, up 23.6% from last year’s same period.
d. International visitors to Vietnam
International visitors to Vietnam in 9 months were estimated to reach4,312,100, up 15.5% against the same period last year. Of which,visitors coming to Vietnam for tourist purposes were 2,603,800, up 10.9%; 717,800 visitors for business purposes, down 5.2%; 722,200 people for visiting relatives, up 70.1%.
In 9 months of this year, visitors to Vietnam from almost all countries and territories increased, of which visitors from China reached 979,400, up 44.9%; from Republic of Korea 380,900, up 4.2%; from Japan 343,800, up 8.2%; from the United States 328,900, up 1.2%; from Cambodia 302,300, up 59.2%; from Taiwan 266,000, up 5.7%; from Australia 210,600, up 2.5%; from Malaysia 168,200, up 12,2%; from France 156,300, up 6%.
II. MACROECONOMY STABILISATIONAND INFLATION CURBING
1. Investment and development
Nine months’ social realized investment capital at current prices was estimated to reach 679.9 trillion dong, up 12.8% against last year ‘same period [1][1] and equaling 39.8% of GDP, of which capital from the state sector was 243.9 trillion dong, up 7.5%; from the non-state sector: 264.1 trillion dong, up 19%; and from the FDI sector: 171.9 trillion dong, up 11.6%.
Of the state investment, the realized investment capital from the state budget was estimated to reach 131.4 trillion dong, equaling 67.3% of the yearly estimate and up 8.8% from the same period in 2010, of which investment under central management reached 31.6 trillion dong, equaling 75.5% of the yearly estimate and up 8,2%; investment under local management was 99.8 trillion dong, equaling 65% of the yearly estimate and up 9% from last year’ same period.
The attracted FDI from 1/1 to 22/9/2011 reached USD 9,903.5 million, equaling 72.1% from last year’ same period. Of which, the registered capital of 675 newly licensed projects was USD 8,237.8 million (down 31.5% by capital and 29.6% by projects from last year’ same period); the additional registered capital of 178 times of projects licensed from previous years was 1,665.7 million USD. Realized FDI in 6 months was estimated to reach USD 8.2 billion, up 1.9% from last year’ same period.
Among FDI economic sectors in 6 months of this year, the manufacturing had largest registered capital with USD 4,911.8 million USD, including USD 3,847.6 million newly registered capital and USD 1,064.2 million added capital; the electricity, gas, warm water, vapor and air-conditioning gained USD 2,525.3 million newly registered capital; the construction reached USD 689.3 million, including USD 547.5 million newly registered capital and USD 141.8 million added capital.
2. Government revenues and expenditures
As estimated, total Government revenues from beginning of the year to 15/9/2011 reached 467.1 trillion dong, equaling 78.5% of the yearly estimate, of which domestic revenues were 284.4 trillion dong, equaling 74.5%; from crude oil 71.5 trillion dong, equaling 103.2%; from import-export 107.3 trillion dong, equaling 77.4%. Of the domestic revenues, collecting from state enterprises was equal to 68.2%; from FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil) 67.7%; from non-state industrial, commercial and service taxes 74.8%; taxes imposed on high-income persons 91.7%; petroleum fees64.6%; and other fees63% of the yearly estimate.
As estimated, total Government expenditures from beginning of the year to 15 September 2011 reached 511.6 trillion dong, equaling 70.5% of the yearly estimate, of which spending for investment and development was 108.2 trillion dong, equaling 71.2% (spending for capital construction only was 101.5 trillion dong, equaling 69.9%); for economic and social development, national defense and security 334.7 trillion dong, equaling 71.3%; for paying debts and aids 68.7 trillion dong, equaling 79.9%.
3. Exports and imports
a. Exports
September’s export turnover was estimated to reach USD 8.3 billion, reduced 10.2% from August and rose 33.6% from the same period in 2010. Generally, export turnovers in 9 months reached USD 70 billion, up 35.4% from last year ‘same period, of which the domestic economic sector gained USD 32 billion, up 33.1%; the FDI sector (including crude oil) USD 38 billion, up 37.5%. If gold re-exportation was excluded, nine months’export turnover rose 37.5%.
The higher increase in nine months’export turnovers this year from the same period in 2010 on one hand results from price rising for many items in the world market, like: price for pepper was up 68.8%; for rubber up 56%; for coffee up 53.1%; for crude oil up 46.5%; for gasoline up 40.9%; for cassava and cassava products up 23.5%. On the other hand, the increased volume of some exported items is also a factor to increase the export turnovers like: the exportation for cassava and cassava products rose 52%; for petrol up 21%; for pepper up 15%; for rice up 13%; for coffee up 7%; for crude oil up 4%; for rubber up 2.4%. If the price rising factor was excluded, nine months’export turnovers rose 13.3% from the same period in 2010.
For nine months’export turnovers structure, heavy industrial and mineral products accounted for 33.7%; light industrial and handicraft products for 39.9%; agricultural, forestry and fishing products for 23.3%; re-exported gold for 3.1%.
About the market for exportation, in 8 months of this year the United States was still the largest markets for Vietnamese exports with nearly USD 11 billion, accounted for 17.8% of total export turnovers and rose 21.1% from the same period last year; next came to EU with USD 10.2 billion, 16.6% and 48.2%; ASEAN with USD 8.6 billion, 14% and 26.2%; China with USD 6.6 billion, 10.6% and 62%; Japan USD 6.4 billion, 10.5% and 33.3% respectively.
b. Imports
September’s import turnover was estimated to reach USD 9.3 billion, down 3.6% from August and up 31% from last year ‘same period. Generally, nine months import turnovers reached USD 76.9 tỷ USD, up 26.9% from last year ‘same period, of which the domestic economic sector reached USD 42.6 billion, up 24.4%; and the FDI sector with USD 34.2 billion, up 30.2%.
Price rising for almost imported items is one of reasons that make import turnover increase, e.g. price for petrol was up 48%; for liquidized gas up 20%; for fertilizer up 25%; for rubber up 27%; for textile fiber up 32%. If price rising factor were excluded import turnovers in 9 months of this year would increase by 9.4% against last year’s same period.
For nine months’import turnovers structure, machinery and equipment accounted for 27.3%; raw material for 63.3%; consumer goods for 7.7%; gold for 1.7%.
About the market for importation, China still took the lead with estimated USD 15.2 billion for 8 months, up 21.7% from last year ‘same period; ASEAN USD 13.7 billion, up 32.5%; Republic of Korea USD 8.1 billion, up 38.4%; Japan USD 6.6 billion, nearly up 18%; EU 4.7 billion USD, up 17.5%; the United States USD 2.9 billion, up 22.8%.
September’s trade deficit was estimated to reach USD 1 billion, equaling 12% of export turnovers. Nine months’ trade deficits were estimated to reach USD 6.9 billion, equaling 9.8% of export turnovers. If gold were excluded, the figure would be USD7.7 billion, equaling 11.4% of total export turnovers.
4. Price indexes
a. Consumer Price Indexes (CPI)
September’s CPI rose 0.82% from August, showing a declining trend of CPI. This was mainly due to the impact of education’s 8.62% pace. CPIs of other groups were below 1% or decreased: textile, hats, footgear up 0.92%; culture, entertainment, tourist up 0.62%; drinks and tobacco up 0.59%; family appliances up 0.51%; housing and construction material up 0.37%; both medicines and catering and related services up 0.28% (grain food up 1.53%; foodstuff down 0.28%; outdoor eating and drinking up 0.9%); transport down 0.24%; communication down 0.07%.
September’s CPI rose 16.63% from 12/2010 and 22.42% from last year’s same period. Average CPI in 9 months of this year rose 18.16% as compared to that in the same period in 2010.
b. Producer price indexes (PPI) and export-import price indexes
As compared with the same period in 2010, PPIs in 9 months for agricultural, forestry and fishing products rose 31.31%, of which PPIs in third quarter rose 6.95% from second quarter and 38.77% from the same period in 2010. Nine months’ PPIs for industrial products rose 18.26% from last year’s same period, of which PPIs in third quarter rose 4.11% from second quarter and 21.35% from last year’s same period. Price indexes for raw material used for production in 9 months of this year rose 20.53% from last year’s same period, of which PIs in third quarter rose 4.78% from second quarter and 25.16% from last year’s same period. Transport charges in 9 months of 2011 rose 17.76% from last year’s same period, of which PIs in third quarter rose 2.92% from second quarter and 21.23% from last year’s same period.
Price indexes for exports (PIE) in 9 months of 2011 rose 19.49% from last year’s same period, of which PIs in third quarter rose 21.22% from second quarter and 36.20% last year’s same period. Price indexes for imports in 9 months of 2011 rose 16.03% from last year’s same period, of which PIs in third quarter rose 22.46% from second quarter and 30.87% from last year’s same period.
III. SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Labor and employment
As estimated, the country’s labor force aged 15 and above in 9 months of this year had 51.6 million, up 1,200 against the average workforce in 2010. The country’s labor force aged 15 and above that were working in all economic sectors in 9 months of this year were 50.6 million, up 1.5 million against the average workforce in 2010, of which 24.8 million laborers were in the sector of agriculture, forestry and fishery; 10.6 million laborers were in the sector of industry and construction; and 15.2 million laborers were in the sector of service.
The unemployment rate within labor age group in 9 months was 2.18%, of which it was 3.49% for urban area and 1.63% for rural area. The underemployment rate within labor age group was 3.15%, of which it was 1.72% and 3.74% for rural area.
2. People’s life and social security
In 9 months of 2011, the country had 580,000 times of hunger households, down15.7%, proportional to 2,432,000 times of hunger persons, down 8.4% from last year’s same period. To overcome the problem, all administrative levels since the beginning of the year have supported hunger households and persons 16,900 tons of food and 9.2 billion dong. Additionally, the Government instructed all administrative levels to provide unexpected grants of 763 billion dong to low income persons; to subsidize 1.4 deserved persons and to carry out payments to 22,000 cadres and volunteers who served in the war. According to preliminary reports from 56 provinces and cities over the country, total budget used for social security and alleviating poverty in 9 months of 2011 is 2,780 trillion dong, including: 896 billion dong for supporting persons under social policy; 927 billion dong for supporting poor households and 957 billion dong for famine and other social aids.
3. Education
As of September 2011, 57/63 provinces and cities over the country met standards for popularizing primary education within right age group and 63/63 provinces and cities met standards for popularizing junior secondary education. According to preliminary reports, at the time of beginning of 2011-2012 school-year, 3.7 million kindergarten children and over 15 million pupils of general educational levels over the country started school.
In 2010-2011 school year, 409 kindergartens and 191 primary schools over the country were approved to be national standard schools, bringing total number of national standard schools over the country as of 2011 to 10,999, including: 2,454 kindergartens, accounted for 18.9% of total kindergartens; 5,912 primary schools, accounted for 38.9% of total number of primary schools; 2,341 junior secondary schools, accounted for 23.1% of total number of junior secondary schools and 292 senior secondary schools, accounted for 12.8% of total number of senior secondary schools.
As of June 2011, there were 128 occupational colleges; 308 intermediate vocational schools; 908 vocational centers and over 1,000 other vocational establishments. Newly recruited apprentice students as at the end of 6/2011 were 740,400 times of persons, to reach 39.8% of the yearly plan, including 92,400 times of students for vocational colleges and intermediate schools, to reach 22%; 648, 00 times of students for vocational primary schools, to reach 45%. National Goal Program for Employment and Vocational Training, 2011 are positively carried out with a fund of 2,894 trillion dong, of which finance used for training jobs for laborers in rural area is one trillion dong with the aim to educate jobs for about 400,000 persons.
4. Epidemic diseases and food poisoning
In 9 months of the year, the country had 41,200 cases of hemorrhagic fever (32 died); 5,900 cases of virus hepatitis (2 died); 839 cases of virus encephalitis (17 died); 475 cases of typhoid; 679 cases of A H1N1 (14 died) and 52,300 cases of foot, hand and mouth disease (109 died).
There were additional 1,800 cases infected with HIV found in September. Persons infected with HIV/AIDS in all localities from the first case found to mid-September 2011 were 243,900, of which 98,400 turned to AIDS and 51,200 persons died of AIDS. In September, there were 7 cases of food poisoning, infecting 171 persons, of which 3 died.
5. Traffic accidents
In August 2011, the country had 1,082 cases of traffic accident, killing 930 persons and injuring 844 others. As compared to the same period in 2010, cases of traffic accident decreased by 5.3%, the death by 2.2% but the wounded rose 2.3%. Generally, the country in 8 months had 8,984 cases of traffic accident, killing 7,550 persons and injuring 6,908 others. As compared to the same period in 2010, cases of traffic accident decreased by 1.3%, the death rose 0.6% and the wounded rose 2.7%. On average, each day in 8 months, the country had37 cases of traffic accident, killing 31 persons and injuring 28 others.
6. Natural calamity
Natural calamity occurred in 9 months of the year made 125 died and gone missing, 145 persons injured; over 700 houses collapsed and swept away; nearly 20,300 houses inundated and damaged; nearly 28, 000 ha of rice and vegetables suffered empty loss. Nghe An was most damaged province with 21 persons died and gone missing; 280 houses collapsed, swept away; 4,600 houses were flooded and damaged. Total losses caused by natural calamity were estimated at nearly 4.3 trillion dong, of which Nghe An lost 2.6 trillion dong./

Source: General Statistics Office, Ministry of Planning and Investment

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